Antarctica: Highlights from a History of Exploration

Antarctica discovery timeline

1912 to 1915: Perhaps the most famous Antarctic expedition was led by Ernest H. Shackleton. He and his crew survived being shipwrecked in the sea ice around Antarctica and finally were rescued after a harrowing voyage in a small open boat across 1,300 kilometers (807 miles) of some of the most treacherous ocean on the planet.


The Endurance